400-years ago in ancient China during the Ming Dynasty, many martial arts manual were written, especially from the constant battles against the Japanese pirates invasion. Today some are lost, but fortunately some still exists.
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俞大猷 (Yu Da-You) is a famous Ming-Dynasty General who defend China against the Japanese pirates invasion. General Yu studied martial arts in Shaolin Temple, and later wrote and compiled 正氣堂集 (Zheng Qi Tang Ji), "Compilation of Vital Energy". In his book, is a section called 劍經 (Jian Jing), "Sword Treatise".
It is a compilation of his martial arts knowledge, and contains very deep and in-depth concepts on weaponry combat. The fundamentals are taught through the Staff, the Chief of all weapons, so that these can later be applied onto wielding the sword.
Written by 程宗猷 (Cheng Zong You) during the Ming Dynasty, when the Japanese pirates fought with the Ming soldiers. He was taught by 刘雲峰 (Liu Yun Feng), who learnt Japanese swordsmanship (Kenjutsu) directly from the Japanese.
The Chinese Military Big-Saber 大刀 (Da Dao) was made famous by the 29th Army of the Chinese Nationalist Army fighting against the Japanese invaders during the 1930s. Legend has it that it's so effective that heads could be cut off easily with ease. The 29th Army fought and held their position for 7 days and 7 nights at Xifengkou, killing 3000 enemies. However, in the 500 elite soldiers of the 大刀隊 (Da Dao Dui) "Big-Saber Contingent", only 20 survived.
The Whip (鞭 Bian) is a bludgeoning weapon used against armoured soldiers, and shares many similarities with the Long-Saber. This Whip manual was written by 程子頤 (Cheng Zi Yi). He is the nephew of Master Cheng Zong You, who famously wrote manuals on the Long-Saber, Spear, and Shaolin Staff.
武藝圖譜通志 (Muye Dobo Tongji) is a comprehensive illustrated Korean martial arts manual, commissioned by the Korean King Jeongjo in 1790. There are a total of 4 volumes in this manual, documenting 24 arts of the Korean military.
During the early Qing Dynasty, 程眞如 (Cheng Zhen Ru) travelled to the E'mei Mountain to learn the art of the Spear from Monk Pu-En. After visiting various other Spear arts, Cheng found that what he learnt was the best by far, and named it "Art of E'mei Spear" to honour his teacher.
Written 400-years ago by 程宗猷 (Cheng Zong You) during the Ming Dynasty, when the Japanese pirates fought with the Ming soldiers. The Shaolin Monks fought along-side with the Ming soldiers too, and were very skilled with the usage of the Staff in battle.
Commonly referred to as 偃月刀 (Yan Yue Dao), or 關刀 (Guan Dao), this is an ancient manual of the 大刀 (Da Dao), the Ming Dynasty term for a long bladed polearm as famously wielded by General Guan Yu depicted in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms. As well as a chapter on using it on horseback based on the Korean manual, Muye Dobo Tongji.
The earliest 戟 Halberd (Ji) were discovered by archaeologists in the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BC). It served as an important military weapon during the Han Dynasty (202-220 BC). However, the Long-Spear eventually replaced it, and the Halberd was subsequently used more for ceremonies and choice of arm for sentry guards at doors.