Chinese Halberd & Long Shaft Axe
The Chinese Halberd & Long Shaft Axe are 2 iconic Chinese polearms, and the martial arts manuals for them were written by 程子頤 (Cheng Zi Yi). He is the nephew of Master Cheng Zong You, who famously wrote manuals on the Long-Saber, Spear, Crossbow and Shaolin Staff.
The earliest 戟 Halberd (Ji) discovered by archaeologists were in the Zhou Dynasty (1046–256 BC). It served as an important military weapon during the Han Dynasty (202-220 BC). However, the Long Spear eventually replaced it, and the Halberd was subsequently used more for ceremonies and choice of arm for sentry guards at doors.
Interestingly, the word 戟 shares the same pronunciation as the word 吉, which means "luck" or "auspicious". Therefore, even today, you can see the Halberd at major festivals like the Chinese New Year.
The techniques of the Halberd are derived from the Shaolin Staff. There are stances and techniques mentioned in this Halberd manual which are not explained nor drawn, because these are documented in the Shaolin Staff manual already.
According to Cheng Zi Yi, Long Shaft Axes are effective in combat with simple techniques, hence training troops to use it is easier and yet still effective in combat.
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We added English subtitles to a CCTV documentary on the Halberd. There were test-cutting using a real sharp Halberd on animal flesh, to test its effectiveness.
Download the English translation of this ancient Halberd & Long Shaft Axe manual.
Contents (80 pages):
The Halberd Sayings
The 10 Halberd Stances
The Halberd Routine (Tao Lu, or Form)
The Long Shaft Axe Sayings
The 10 Long Shaft Axe Stances
The Long Shaft Axe Routine
Supporting Information (based on the Shaolin Staff manual, to help you understand better.)
Features to help you learn & understand:
Hanyu Pinyin pronounciation for all Chinese text
Chinese text side-by-side with the English translation.
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