The Korean ancient manual Muye Dobo Tongji's Fist chapter is based on the same 32 stances. However, the Korean manual documents a practice pattern that links up all the stances, which is lacking in General Qi's manual.


This is a video demonstration of the practice pattern found in the Korean manual.

This is the Form for the Fist, as found in the Korean manual Muye Dobo Tongji.

I've translated it into English, so that you may practice it too.

For a demonstration, please watch the animated video above, as it is performed according to this Form.

Quan Jing Jie Yao

Essentials Of The Fist

     "Essentials Of The Fist" is based on 2 Ming Dynasty manuals:

  • 紀效新書 (Ji Xiao Xin Shu) by General Qi Ji-guang

  • 武備志 (Wu Bei Zhi) by Mao Yuan-Yi

     In General Qi's Ji Xiao Xin Shu, the text states that there are 32 stances. However, only 24 stances can be found in his manual. The remaining was sourced from Wu Bei Zhi, which had all 32 stances. It is believed that Taiji traces its roots to this Fist manual.


     Each stance is described in a poetic manner, which has its pros and cons. Being poetic means it's more difficult and confusing to translate, and different readers might have different interpretation. However, this may also mean that the text conveys more of fundamental principles to guide the practitioner, rather than specific sets of movements. If one is able to interpret the stances correctly, the principles should guide him well, since real-life situations can change all the time but principles are largely the same.


     In General Qi's book, he mentioned that Fist training is largely useless in battle, but it is a necessity in developing the troops' fitness and foundation in using other weapons.

     If you learn Taiji, you will also find similarity between the stances and its names in this manual. It's been said that Taiji traces its roots to this manual.

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Spreading General Qi's Fist Legacy

     I've translated General Qi's ancient fist manual into English as best as I can based on its poetic text, as well as include my interpretation in the form of specific movements for your consideration. Should you have a different interpretation in mind to suggest, please feel free to contact me at:

Contents (83 pages):

  • Introduction

  • 32 Fist Stances

Features to help you learn & understand:
- Hanyu Pinyin pronounciation for all Chinese text
- Chinese text side-by-sde English translation
This E-Book is available to you for download at USD 8.90, and formatted to A5-size for easy printing. Your support will further the research of ancient Chinese battlefield arts, and encourage efforts in the translation of other ancient manuals.
Thank you,
Jack Chen
1) Casual Tuck Shirt
2) Golden Chicken Solo-Stand
3) Mounted Scout
4) Twisted Single-Whip
5) Seven Stars Fist
6) Reverse Ride Dragon
7) Hang Leg
8) Hill Stance
9) Low-Stab Stance
10) Ambush Stance
11) Throw Shelf
12) Grasp-Elbow Stance
13) Flash Step
14) Seize Stance
15) Well Four-Even
16) Ghost Kick
17) Point-Block Stance
18) Beast-Head Stance
19) Middle Four-Even
20) Subdue-Tiger Stance
21) High Four-Even
22) Reverse Stab Stance
23) Divine-Fist
24) Single-Whip
25) Ground Dragon
26) Morning-Sun Hand
27) Eagle-Wing
28) Step-Across Tiger Stance
29) Twisted Phoenix Elbow
30) Block Head Cannon Stance
31) Phoenix Elbow
32) Flag-Drum Stance


  "I highly recommend acquiring Jack Chen’s work ‘Essentials of the Fist’. In Chen’s translation, it is clear that a number of the descriptions which Qijiquang gave to the postures are used by Chen and Yang Taijiquan today."

Full article at:

~ Jamie Acutt, Eskirmology, The Modern Science of Defence

  "What makes this manual a very interesting source is its initial explanation of the significance of unarmed combat relative to the battlefield. Despite being initially dismissed as impractical, the importance of such study is emphasized as one should pursue such teachings for the sake of health, mobility, emergency, and as supplement to using weaponry. When comparing to modern martial arts, this manual can definitely help bridge gaps in explaining applications of techniques found in many forms, while allowing us to look back towards their possible sources and roots. Even as individual moves, these techniques are very applicable with proper practice."

~ Patrick Gray,

English Translation 

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Essential of the Fist - Mounted Scout Stance
Essential of the Fist The Beast Head Stance
Preview #3
The "Beast Head" Stance
Essential of the Fist Introduction
Preview #2
Translation Preview #1
The Mounted Scout Stance
(Instant Download & Read Digitally) was created in 2010 by Jack Chen, to promote and preserve Chinese martial arts in ancient manuals.


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